Following the adoption of the ASEAN Charter in 2007, ASEAN established the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) as an ASEAN human rights body. AICHR was inaugurated by virtue of the Cha-Am Hua Hin Declaration on AICHR at the 15th ASEAN Summit in 2009. The establishment of AICHR demonstrates the region’s commitment to promoting and strengthening regional cooperation on human rights. As part of ASEAN’s commitment to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights1, the United Nations Charter, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action as well as other international human rights instruments, the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration was adopted by the ASEAN Leaders in November 2012 to further enhance ASEAN’s commitment to human rights cooperation in the region.
Source: History of Human Rights in ASEAN. Available from https://aichr.org/about-aichr-2/
The first AICHR Regional Dialogues on the Mainstreaming of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in the ASEAN Community in 2015 marked the commencement of Japan and ASEAN cooperation on human rights. Guided by the Five-Year Work Plan of AICHR, including the recently completed one for the period of 2016 to 2020, Japan and ASEAN continue working hand in hand to address priority areas on human rights based on the Terms of References of AICHR.
Areas of Support and
JAIF’s support to human rights is well reflected in the projects implemented by AICHR, including a series of five AICHR Regional Dialogues on the Mainstreaming of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in the ASEAN Community organised from 2015 to 2019. Japan’s continued support to the AICHR Regional Dialogues culminated in the development of the ASEAN Enabling Masterplan 2025: Mainstreaming the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which was adopted at the 33rd ASEAN Summit in November 2018. The Enabling Masterplan 2025 complements the ASEAN Community Vision 2025 and serves as a key instrument in mainstreaming the rights of persons with disabilities across all three pillars of the ASEAN Community. It fosters ASEAN Member States’ commitment towards an inclusive community. The followings are the key contributions of completed JAIF projects to the implementation of the Five-Year Work Plan of AICHR (2016-2020).
1 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. Source: https://www.un.org/en/about-us/universal-declaration-of-human-rights