Development and Implementation of Facility Level Monitoring and Reporting (M&R) Framework for Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions in ASEAN Member States (AMS): Phase 2

Proponent : National Environment Agency (NEA), Singapore
Implementing Agency : Overseas Environmental Cooperation Center, Japan


The Article 2 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) states the objective to achieve stabilisation of greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.1 The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that the global temperatures would increase by 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels in this century unless there are rapid and deep emission cuts, and to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius, carbon emissions need to be abated in this decade.2

Effective monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of GHG emissions and emissions reductions is crucial in climate action. The 13th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP13), which took place in 2007, agreed to the principle of applying MRV of emissions and emissions reduction to developing countries in the context of undertaking enhanced national and international actions on mitigation of climate change.3 Consequently, ASEAN Member States need to develop and implement robust MRV approaches to tracking progress towards achieving their respective Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) which are currently at different stages.

Recognising the urgency, the Government of Japan supports the Development and Implementation of Facility Level Monitoring & Reporting (M&R) Framework for Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions in ASEAN Member States (AMS): Phase 2 to establish facility-level M&R guidelines that are applicable for the region and examine these guidelines through pilot projects.

What is the project aiming for?

This project serves as the Phase 2 of Development and Implementation of Facility/Company Level Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Systems for Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions in ASEAN Member States (AMS) which designed the Road Map for Designing Facility Level GHG M&R Guideline for ASEAN Region. Both phases are part of the Partnership to Strengthen Transparency for co-Innovation (PaSTI) initiative. Building on the earlier achievements, Phase 2 aims to promote cooperation between governments and the private sector to create a co-innovation through the following objectives:

  • Develop facility-level M&R guidelines for ASEAN region as an applicable tool for the Member States to refer to and take into consideration in developing a transparency system with the participation of state and non-state actors following the road map;
  • Design a pilot project for practical implementation of facility level M&R by utilising the M&R guidelines in collaboration with state and non-state actors; and
  • Develop an Information Platform on transparency actions of ASEAN countries.

Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) regimes also provide confidence for our countries and companies to work together on low-carbon technologies and solutions, and develop high-integrity carbon markets.

H.E. Grace Fu, Minister for Sustainability and the Environment, Singapore
COP26 Japan Pavilion Side Event in Glasgow
12 November 2021

The project contributes to the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Blueprint 2025, particularly Action Line C.3 Sustainable climate and D.3 A climate adaptive ASEAN with enhanced institutional and human capacities to adapt to the impacts of climate change. Further, it fosters the Japan-ASEAN commitment to the Sustainable Development Goal 13, “Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts” through capacity building and technology transfer to reduce GHG emissions in AMS, thereby mitigating the impact of climate change, while contributing to the development and prosperity for all as outlined in the ASEAN Outlook in the Indo-Pacific (AOIP).

The project commenced in December 2021 and is expected to continue until November 2022.

As of 31 May 2022